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SSC CGL Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2022 @ssc.nic.in

Check SSC CGL Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2021 as given below in detail. The SSC CGL (Combined Graduate Level) Exam conducted annually by the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) consists of four phases, where each phase needs to be cleared depending upon the requirement of different posts. SSC CGL Exam will be conducted in four tiers, i.e., Tier – I, Tier – II, Tier – III, and Tier – IV as shown below in the table. Check SSC CGL Syllabus for all the Tiers as given below.

SSC CGL Syllabus and Exam Pattern for Tier I, II, III, IV

SSC CGL Syllabus and Exam Pattern
TierType of ExamMode of Exam
Tier- IObjective Multiple ChoiceComputer-Based (Online)
Tier- IIObjective Multiple ChoiceComputer-Based (Online)
Tier- IIIDescriptive Paper in English or HindiPen and Paper mode (Offline)
Tier- IVSkill Test: Data Entry Speed Test (DEST)/ Computer Proficiency Test (CPT)Wherever Applicable (Not necessary for all the posts)
DVApplicable for All

SSC CGL 2020 Exam Details

In the past few years, SSC has made some changes in the exam pattern. Students must make note of changes in exam pattern and syllabus before beginning the SSC CGL exam preparation. Below are some important points to take note of:

  • Tier –I objective exam will be of 60 minutes duration in online mode.
  • Tier –II objective exam will consist of 4 papers, each paper will be of 2 hours duration in online mode.
  • Tier – III descriptive exam will be of 60 minutes duration in pen and paper mode.
  • There will be no sectional cut-off.

✅ SSC CGL Syllabus (Tier-I) and Exam Pattern

SSC CGL Tier-I exam is an objective exam that will be conducted online. The exam comprises four sections having 100 questions (25 questions in each section) which will account for a total of 200 marks (maximum 50 marks in each section). The time duration of the Tier-1 exam will be 60 minutes.

Quantitative Aptitude2550
English Language and Comprehension2550
General Intelligence & Reasoning2550
General Awareness2550

Points to remember:

  • There is a negative marking in SSC CGL Tier 1 Exam. 0.5 marks will be deducted from every question that is attempted wrong by a candidate in all the sections.
  • The exam duration is 80 minutes for candidates who are visually handicapped and suffering from Cerebral Palsy.

After going through the above-mentioned exam pattern of the SSC CGL Exam, the next step is to analyze the topic-wise syllabus of all the four sections of the SSC CGL Tier-I Exam:

SSC CGL Syllabus for Tier I Online/ CBT Exam

General Intelligence and Reasoning: It would include questions of both verbal and non-verbal types. This component may include questions on analogies, similarities and differences, spatial visualization, spatial orientation, problem-solving, analysis, judgment, decision making, visual memory, discrimination, observation, relationship concepts, arithmetical reasoning and figural classification, arithmetic number series, non-verbal series, coding and decoding, statement conclusion, syllogistic reasoning, etc.

General Awareness: Questions in this component will be aimed at testing the candidate’s general awareness of the environment around him and its application to society. Questions will also be designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observations and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of any educated person. The test will also include questions relating to India and its neighboring countries especially pertaining to sports, History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Polity, Indian Constitution, scientific Research, etc. These Questions will be such that they do not require a special study of any discipline

Quantitative Aptitude (Maths): The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate. The scope of the test will be the computation of whole numbers, decimals and fractions, and relationships between numbers. It will test sense of order among numbers, ability to translate from one name to another, sense or order of magnitude, estimation or prediction of the outcome of computation, selection of an appropriate operation for the solution of real-life problems, and knowledge of alternative computation procedures to find answers. The questions would also be based on arithmetical concepts and relationships between numbers and not on complicated arithmetical computation (The standard of the questions will be of 10+2 level).

English Language & Comprehension: Reading Comprehension, Fill in the Blanks, Spellings, Idioms & Phrases, One Word Substitution, Sentence Correction, Error Spotting, Synonyms, Antonyms. Candidates’ ability to understand correct English, his basic comprehension and writing ability, etc. would be tested

Click Here to Check SSC CGL Previous Year Papers

✅ SSC CGL  Syllabus (Tier-II) and Exam Pattern

SSC CGL Tier-II exam is an objective exam that will be conducted online. The exam comprises four Papers – Quantitative Abilities, English Language and Comprehension, Statistics, and General Studies (Finance & Economics). The time duration for each Paper is 2 Hours. The section-wise details of the exam are shown in the table given below:

IQuantitative Abilities100200
IIEnglish Language and Comprehension200200
IVFinance, Economics, Maths100200

Points to remember:

  • Paper-I and Paper-II are compulsory for all posts.
  • Paper-III will be for only those candidates who apply for the post of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) and who are shortlisted in Tier-I for this Post/Paper.
  • Paper-IV will be for only those candidates who are shortlisted in Tier-I for Paper-IV, i.e., for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer.
  • There will be a negative marking of 0.25 marks for each wrong answer in Paper-II (English Language and Comprehension) and of 0.50 marks for each wrong answer in Paper-I, Paper-III, and Paper-IV.
  • Questions in Paper-I will be of Matriculation LevelPaper-II of 10+2 Level, and in Paper-III and Paper-IV of Graduation Level.
  • The exam duration is 2 hours and 40 minutes for candidates who are visually handicapped.

After going through the above-mentioned exam pattern of the SSC CGL Exam, the next step is to analyze the topic-wise syllabus of all the four papers of the SSC CGL Tier-II Exam:

✅ SSC CGL Syllabus for Tier II Online/ CBT Exam

✅ Paper-I (Arithmetic Ability):

This paper will include questions on problems relating to Number Systems, Computation of Whole Numbers, Decimals and Fractions and the relationship between Numbers, Fundamental Arithmetical Operations, Percentage, Ratio and Proportion, Average, Interest, Profit and Loss, Discount, Use of Table and Graphs, Mensuration, Time and Distance, Ratio and Time, etc.

✅ Paper-II (English Language & Comprehension): 

Questions in these components will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding and knowledge of the English Language and will be based on error recognition, fill in the blanks (using verbs, prepositions, articles, etc), Vocabulary, Spellings, Grammar, Sentence Structure, Synonyms, Antonyms, Sentence Completion, Phrases and Idiomatic use of Words, etc. There will be a question on passages and comprehension of passages also. (The standard of the questions will be of 10+2 level).

✅ Paper-III (Statistics)

  • Probability, Probability Distributions, Binomial, Poisson, Normal, Exponential.
  • Compilation, classification, tabulation of Statistical Data, Graphical presentation of data.
  • Measures of central tendency, measures of dispersion, measures of association and contingency, scatter diagram, correlation coefficient, rank correlation coefficient and linear regression analysis ( for two or more variables ) excluding partial correlation coefficients.
  • Concept of Population, random sample, parameters, statistics, sampling distribution of x properties of estimators and estimation of confidence intervals.
  • Principles of sampling, simple random sampling, stratified sampling, systematic sampling etc., Sampling and non-sampling errors, type-I and type-II errors.
  • Concepts of Hypothesis – Null and alternate, Testing of hypothesis for large samples as well as small samples including Chi-square tests ( Z, t, F, x^2, tests)
  • Index Numbers, Time series analysis – components of variation and their estimation.

✅ Paper-IV (Commerce, Economics, Mathematics)

✅ Economics:


  1. Demand and Supply Analysis, including Laws and Interaction of Demand and Supply.
  2. Production Function and Laws of Returns.
  3. Commodity Pricing – Characteristics of various Market Forms and Price Determination under such Market Forms.
  4. Theory of Factor Pricing – Rent, Wage, Interest and Profit.
  5. Theory of Employment – Classical and Neo-classical Approach.
  6. Keynesian Theory of Employment – Principles of Effective Demand. Meaning and Importance of Investment, Relation between Saving and Investment, Multiplier Effect and the process of Income Generation, Post Keynesian Development.
  7. Nature and Functions of Money, Value of Money, Fluctuations in the value of Money – Inflation and Deflation, Monetary Policy, Index Number.
  8. International Trade-Free Trade and Protection, Theories of International Trade.
  9. Foreign Exchange – Determination of the rate of Exchange – Purchasing Power Parity theory and Balance of Payment Theory.
  10. Public Finance – Nature. Scope and importance of Public Finance.
  11. Taxation – Meaning, Classification and Principles of Taxation, Incidence of Taxation.
  12. Deficit Financing.
  13. Fiscal Policy


  • Statistical Investigation – Meaning and Planning of Investigation.
  • Collection of data and editing of data.
  • Types of sampling.
  • Schedule and questionnaire.
  • Presentation of data – classification, tabulation, etc.
  • Measures of Central Tendency.
  • National Income and Accounting – Estimation of National Income, Trends in National Income, Structural changes in the Indian Economy as seen in National Income Data.
  • Agricultural sector – Agricultural Development during Plan Period, Rural Credit, Agricultural Price Policy, Rural Development Co-operation and Panchayati Raj.
  • Industrial Policy and Industrial Development.
  • Problems of Economic Development – Indian Planning – Objectives, Techniques and its evolution, Five Year Plans and Role of National Development Council.
  • Profile of Human Resources – Population and Economic Development, Demographic Profile of India, Nature of Population Problem – Poverty, Inequality, Unemployment Problem, Labour Problem, Population Control and Government Policy.
  • New Economic Policy and Welfare Schemes.
  • Indian Public Finance – Indian Revenue, Foreign Aid.
  • Indian Banking and Currency system

✅ Mathematics

  • Algebra: Algebra of sets, relations and functions, Inverse of a function, equivalence relation.The system of complex numbers, De Moivere’s Theorem and its simple applications. Relation between roots and coefficients of a polynomial equation – Evaluation of the symmetric function of roots of cubic and biquadratic equation.
  • Algebra of Matrices: Determinants, Simple properties of determinants, Multiplication of determinants of orders two and three, Singular and non-singular matrices. The inverse of a matrix, Rank of a matrix and application of matrices to the solution of linear equations ( in three unknowns ).
  • Convergence of sequences, and series, tests of convergence of series with positive terms, Ratio, Root and Gauss tests.
  • Analytic Geometry: Straight lines, Circles, System of circles, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola in standard form and their elementary properties, Classification of curves second degree.
  • Differential Equation: First order differential equation. Solution of Second and higher-order linear differential equations with constant coefficients and simple applications.
  • Differential and Integral Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability of functions, successive differentiation, derivatives of standard functions, Rolle’s and Mean-value Theorems, Maclaurin’s and Taylor’s series ( without proof) and their applications, Maxima and Minima of functions of one and two variables. Tangents and Normals, Curvature, Partial differentiation, Euler’s theorem for homogeneous function, Tracing of curves.
  • Standard methods of integration, Riemann’s definition of the definite integral, fundamental theorem of integral calculus, quadrature, rectification, volumes and surface area of solids of revolution.
  • Statistics: Frequency distributions, Measures of central tendency, measures of dispersion, Skewness and Kurtosis, Random variables and distribution function, Discrete distributions, Binomial and Poisson distribution, continuous distributions, Rectangular, Normal and Exponential distributions, Principles of least squares, correlation and regression, Random Sampling, random numbers, Sampling of attributes, Large Sample tests for mean and proportion, Tests of significance based on t, F and Chi-square distributions.

✅ Commerce

This paper will cover all the subjects of commerce ordinarily taught at the B.Com. or similar degree courses of Indian Universities. Specifically, it will include the following subjects:

  • Accountancy: Conceptual framework, Income measurement, Final accounts, Accounting for partnership firms, Hire-purchase accounting, Corporate accounting ( Issue, forfeiture and re-issue of shares ).
  • Business Organisation: Business objectives, Business environment, Business entrepreneurship ( including location, choice of form of business and growth strategies), Business operations including finance, production, marketing and human resource development.
  • Management: Concept of management, Planning, Organising, Leading and Controlling.
  • Microeconomics: Price-mechanism, Theory of consumer behaviour, Elasticity of demand, Production function, Theory of costs, Market structures, Price-determination under perfect competition and monopoly.
  • Indian Economics: Issues involved in planning for economic development, Sectoral analysis of Indian economy including agriculture, industry and foreign trade.
  • Business Statistics: Analysis of Univariate data involving measurement of Central tendency and dispersion, correlation and regression analysis, index numbers, analysis of time-series, Theory of probability.
  • Business Law: Indian Contract Act, 1872, Sale of Goods Act, 1930, Partnership Act, 1932 and Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
    Company Law: Kinds of companies, matters involving incorporation of company, shares and share capital and matters relating to issue and transfers of shares, members of a company, management of a company, meetings and resolutions, winding up of a company.
  • Cost accounting: Procedures involved in cost accounting, marginal costing, cost-volume-profit analysis, Budgetary control, Standard costing.
  • Auditing: Meaning and objects of auditing, Types of audit, Audit process.
    Income Tax: Basic concepts, Residence and tax liability, heads of income.

✅ SSC CGL Syllabus (Tier – III) and Exam Pattern

SSC CGL Tier – III Exam is a descriptive paper that will be taken offline via pen and paper mode. In this exam, candidates’ language proficiency, grammar knowledge, vocabulary usage, and writing skills will be tested in English/Hindi. Candidates are required to write essays, précis, applications, letters, etc. in 60 minutes.

Mode of Examination


Maximum Marks


Pen and Paper Mode

Descriptive Type Paper in English or Hindi

(Writing of Essay/ Précis/ Letter/ Application etc.)


60 Minutes

The best way to prepare for this tier is to read lots of articles from various newspapers. Apart from this, you need to be well aware of the pattern of Letters and Applications.

✅ SSC CGL Syllabus (Tier–IV) Exam Pattern and 

The SSC CGL Tier – IV Exam comprises a couple of skill tests that are required for certain government posts and document verification procedures:

  1. DEST (Data Entry Speed Test) for the post of Tax Assistants (Central Excise & Income Tax).
  2. CPT (Computer Proficiency Test) for the post of Assistant Section Officer of Central Secretariat Service (CSS), Assistant Section Officer (MEA), Assistant in Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO) under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and Assistant (GSI) in the Ministry of Mines.
  3. Document Verification: The last step to the final selection would be Document Verification.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How to download the SSC CGL Syllabus from the Official Website?

1. Visit www.ssc.nic.in
2. In the Menu bar, Click on ‘Candidates Corner’
3. Then Click on ‘Syllabus’
4. Here you can find the Syllabus of Various SSC Exam Official Syllabus.

What is the Exam Pattern of SSC CGL Exam?

The detailed Exam Pattern of SSC CGL is given in this article.

What is the Syllabus of SSC CGL Online Exam?

The detailed syllabus of SSC CGL Exam is given in this article along with the Syllabus PDF.

Does SSC ask questions from the Syllabus given for it?

Yes, the Staff Selection Commission asks questions from the Official Syllabus given in this article.

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